Gallbladder Cancer Treatment Options And Procedure In Turkey
Gallbladder cancer, also known as gallbladder carcinoma, is a very uncommon malignancy. It affects 2% to 3% of the population per 100,000 individuals. Women are 1.5 times as likely as males to develop the illness. The illness is more frequent among American Indians, Japanese, and Eastern Europeans, and the prevalence among men in these areas is somewhat greater than the population’s average.
Most Common Symptoms Of Gallbladder Cancer
Pains in the abdomen
Swelling, particularly in the right upper abdomen
Weight loss that is not desired
Jaundice on the skin and in the whites of the eyes (jaundice)
Are There Any Known Causes For Gallbladder Cancer?
The exact cause of gallbladder cancer is unknown. The experts believe that gall bladder cancer develops when the DNA of healthy gall bladder cells changes (mutations). These mutations enable cells to become uncontrollable and live normally even while others die. The accumulation of cells leads to the development of a tumor that spreads throughout the body, including the gall bladder. Gall bladder cancer can sometimes start in the glandular cells that line the gallbladder’s inner surface.
Diagnosis of Gallbaldder Cancer
There are many ways to diagnose gallbladder cancer and some of them are biopsy, endoscopy, laparoscopy, blood tests, CT or CAT scan, MRI, ultrasound and PET-CT scan. You may wonder what is PET-CT scan for gallbladder cancer.
PET or PET-CT Scan for Gallbladder Cancer Diagnosis
PET scans are frequently coupled with CT scans, resulting in a PET-CT scan. However, your doctor may simply refer to this technique as a PET scan. A PET scan is a technique for generating images of organs and tissues within the body. The patient is given a radioactive sugar material to inject into his or her body. The cells that consume the most energy absorb this sugar molecule. Cancer absorbs more of the radioactive material since it uses energy aggressively. The material is then detected by a scanner, which produces pictures of the inside of the body.
What are the Risk Factors for Gallbladder Cancer?
Gallbladder cancer is caused by a number of factors, including:
Gender: Gallbladder cancer is more prevalent in women than in males.
Age: As you become older, your chance of gallbladder cancer rises.
Gallstone history: Gallbladder cancer is more frequent in persons who have had gallstones in the past.
Other gallbladder disorders include gallbladder polyps and chronic gallbladder infection, both of which raise the chance of gallbladder cancer.
What is the Chance of Treatment for Gallbladder Cancer?
If gall bladder cancer is found early on, the chances of successful treatment are quite good. Some gallbladder cancers, on the other hand, are identified late, when the symptoms are mild. Because gall bladder cancer has no identifiable symptoms, it is extremely difficult to detect. Furthermore, the gallbladder’s somewhat secretive nature aids gallbladder cancer development without being discovered.
What Are the Treatment Options for Gallbladder Cancer in Turkey?
One or more therapies, such as surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy, may be used to treat gallbladder cancer. Gallbladder cancer has a significantly better chance of being effectively treated if caught early.
The kind and stage of cancer, potential side effects, as well as the patient’s preferences and general health, all influence treatment options and recommendations. Take the time to familiarize yourself with all of your therapy choices. Make a point of asking inquiries about everything that is confusing. Discuss the aims of each therapy with your doctor, as well as what to expect during treatment.
Surgery for Treatment of Gallbladder Cancer
During an operation, the tumor and some surrounding healthy tissue are removed. A general surgeon, surgical oncologist, or hepatobiliary surgeon can do this procedure. A surgical oncologist is a physician who specializes in the surgical treatment of cancer. A hepatobiliary surgeon is an expert in liver, gallbladder, and bile duct surgery.
The following are some of the surgical procedures used to treat gallbladder cancer:
Cholecystectomy: The gallbladder is removed during this surgery, which is also known as a simple cholecystectomy. The gallbladder, 1 inch or more of liver tissue next to the gallbladder, and all lymph nodes in the area are all removed during an extended cholecystectomy.
Radical gallbladder resection: The gallbladder, a wedge-shaped portion of the liver around the gallbladder, the common bile duct, part or all of the ligaments between the liver and the intestines, and lymph nodes around the pancreas and adjacent blood arteries are all removed during this surgery.
Palliative surgery: Even if the tumor cannot be entirely removed, surgery can occasionally help reduce symptoms caused by gallbladder cancer. Surgery, for example, may be used to clear a blockage in the bile ducts or intestines, or to stop bleeding.
Radiation Therapy For Gallbladder Cancer
Radiation therapy for gallbladder cancer can be used before surgery to reduce the tumor or after surgery to kill any cancer cells that remain. Radiation treatment is sometimes provided during surgery to target the tumor directly and protect healthy organs from the effects of conventional radiation therapy. Intra-operative radiation therapy, or IORT, is the name for this technique.
Chemoradiotherapy is a treatment that combines radiation therapy and chemotherapy. When there remains a “positive margin” visible under a microscope after surgery and chemotherapy, chemoradiotherapy may be used to kill any residual cancer cells.
Chemotherapy for Gallbladder Cancer
Chemotherapy is the use of medicines to kill cancer cells by preventing them from growing, dividing, and producing new ones.
A chemotherapy regimen, often known as a schedule, consists of a predetermined number of cycles administered over a certain length of time. A patient may get a single medication at a time or a mixture of drugs at the same time.
After surgery, chemotherapy should be administered to help prevent a recurrence.
Immunotherapy for Gallbladder Cancer
Immunotherapy, also known as biologic therapy, is a type of cancer treatment that works by boosting the body’s natural defenses. It improves, targets, or restores immune system function by using materials generated by the body or in a laboratory.
When Is It Called Metastatic Gallbladder Cancer?
Doctors refer to cancer that has spread to another region of the body from where it began as metastatic cancer. If this happens, it’s a good idea to consult with specialists who have dealt with similar cases before, especially because this is a rare malignancy.
Surgery, medicines, or radiation therapy may all be part of your treatment strategy. Palliative care will be crucial in reducing discomfort and adverse effects.
A diagnosis of metastatic cancer is distressing and challenging for most people. So, it may also be beneficial to speak with other sufferers, such as at a support group.
What Is The Best Country To Get Gallbladder Cancer Treatment?
Turkey is the leading country for all medical treatments, especially in onchology. There are reasons why you should choose Turkey as a cancer treatment destination abroad.
Experienced doctors who specialize in the treatment of gallbladder cancer, Technological tools and the capacity to execute the procedure laparoscopically and using a Da Vinci robot rather than a big and painful open surgery with a lengthy recovery period,
Conducting molecular genetic investigations of the tumor and developing genetic panels that enable you to choose the medicine that is most effective for the tumor and,
Low cost of gallbladder cancer treatment in Turkey are all the things that make Turkey the best country to get cancer treatment.
How Much Does It Cost To Treat Gallbladder Cancer In Turkey?
As it is the case with all surgeries or treatments, the cost of gallbladder treatment in Turkey depends on so many factors.
In Turkey, the cost of gallbladder cancer varies from one facility to the next. The price offered by some of Turkey’s best hospitals for gallbladder cancer usually includes the patient’s pre-surgery examinations. Investigations, surgery, medications are all included in the cost of the gallbladder cancer treatment package. Many factors, such as a lengthier hospital stay and problems following the surgery, might raise gallbladder cancer price in Turkey.
Chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery for gallbladder cancer costs in Turkey differ. They also differ from patient to patient, hospital to hospital.